根據香港監察網頁公布，美國參議院通過《香港自治法》以及由何里（Josh Hawley）提出的《香港方案》，顯示出美國站香港一方。法案參議院版本由杜梶（Pat Toomey）及范浩倫（Van Hollen）聯合提案，以從中国手中保護香港。事源中国單方面對港實施國安法，違反《中英聯合聲明》及《基本法》，更指派香港警察阻止市民示威。《香港自治法》制裁對象包括侵害香港自由人權的幫兇，即為相關中国機構提供協助的銀行。
Today the Hong Kong Autonomy Act, tabled by Senator Toomey and Senator Van Hollen, alongside Senator Hawley’s strong Hong Kong resolution, passed the floor of Senate, sending a signal that the United States stands with Hong Kong.
The Hong Kong Autonomy Act, introduced by United States Senators Chris Van Hollen (D-Md.) and Pat Toomey (R-Pa.), defends Hong Kong against Beijing’s National Security Law by imposing mandatory sanctions on entities that violate China’s obligations to Hong Kong under the Joint Declaration and the Basic Law, including police units cracking down on Hong Kong protestors or Chinese Communist Party officials responsible for imposing the National Security Law on Hong Kong. The legislation would also impose mandatory secondary sanctions on banks that do “significant transactions” with persons, companies or entities involved in suppressing Hong Kong’s freedoms and violating the city’s autonomy.
The Act was passed on the Floor of the Senate alongside a resolution introduced by Senator Josh Hawley (R-Mo.).
Johnny Patterson, Director of Hong Kong Watch says: “We believe this legislation is an important step towards the USA creating a calibrated and targeted sanctions program which acts as a genuine deterrent against the ongoing infringement of Hong Kong’s autonomy. The passage of National Security legislation is a hammer blow to Hong Kong’s freedoms and needs a proportionate response.
“Among other things, the legislation will give new powers to impose secondary sanctions on financial institutions complicit in the abuse of rights in Hong Kong. Many of these are Chinese state-owned firms that use Hong Kong as a base for raising foreign capital, and so this is will ensure that the CCP feel a direct cost if they continue to violate the basic rights and freedoms of Hong Kongers. It is more subtle than the US revoking Hong Kong’s special customs status, and more targeted.
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